Gunbarrel Highway

StartClick to Reverse the Dynamic Map and Driving NotesWiluna
DifficultyDifficulty 3.5/5
Suitable For4WD Motorbike 
Distance1425.99 km
Minimum Days4
Average Speed53.48 km/hr
Travel Time1 day 2 hrs 39 mins
Page Updated: 22 Feb 2023


You can pick up the Gunbarrel from either Wiluna in the west, or Giles (Warakurna Roadhouse) in the east and so it is usually done as an extension/beginning of a Canning Stock Route Trek Note, West McDonald Ranges Trek Note or The Tanami Track. However technically, the Gunbarrel Highway is the section to the east of Carnegie Homestead through to Yulara (via Jackie Junction and Docker River).

The full stretch is an isolated desert track of 1400km. In general, washaways, heavy corrugations, stone, sand and flood plains are all typical elements of the drive, but the track is graded occasionally by the Wiluna Shire Council from Wiluna through to 180km east of Carnegie. There are excellent bush camps, and many sites have bores with water.

At the western end of the trek, Wiluna is a town quite unlike any other in Australia. Other than the few people who service the passing 4WD explorers, the town is mostly aboriginal and there's just a few dusty buildings, a store, a pub and the camping ground, which is a far cry from the 1930s when this was a prospering gold mining town of 9000 people boasting the southern hemisphere's biggest mine.

At the eastern end of the trek, Giles is actually not a town at all but the homeplace of the Warakurna people and the location of a remote meteorological weather station, known as Giles. Visitors must stay at the Warakurna Roadhouse, where modern campground facilities, fuel and basic food supplies can be obtained as access into the aboriginal community is not allowed. Most people plan a visit to the weather station while they are here, which is little different to any other weather station around Australia. Visits are free, but you need to let them know in advance that you're coming, particularly if you want to observe the launch of a weather balloon.

Conditions vary greatly in this region, depending on how much rainfall has occurred in recent days and the volume of traffic and how long its been since the road was last graded. Please read these notes in conjunction with the detailed and updated WA Road Conditions Report.

In general, washaways, heavy corrugations, stone, sand and flood plains are all typical elements of the terrain. The major trouble spots are around Mingkili Claypan and between the Heather Highway turnoff and Jackie Junction (extreme washaways). The "abandoned section" from Jackie Junction to Giles is deeply rutted and in places quite sandy. During the peak travelling season (late June - Oct), many people make the journey across the Gunbarrel Highway so diversion tracks around major obstacles will be in place and even the abandoned section should not be overgrown unless you are the first group of the season after rains to push through the spinifex.

How to Use this Trek Note

  • To download this information and the route file for offline use on a phone, tablet, headunit or laptop, go to the app store and purchase ExplorOz Traveller. This app enables offline navigation and mapping and will show where you are as you travel along the route. For more info see the ExplorOz Traveller webpage and the EOTopo webpage.


ExplorOz Traveller now features the NEW EOTopo 2023 mapset!


The Gunbarrel Highway was the first road built as part of Australia's role in the weapons research facility called Woomera. The area of land designated between Woomera and 80 Mile Beach near Port Hedland was chosen as the most suitable area in the world for a rocket range, but it was an uninhabited desert waste-land in the most remote part of Australia.

This weapons research project did not just involve the launching of rockets into waste-land, but complex missile tracking instruments had to be placed in position throughout this vast region and so a massive ground survey was required to determine the earth's shape.

The first task was to construct a road running east-west across the centre of Australia to provide a major service access for the construction of all other linking roads. The Gunbarrel Highway was the first of the Len Beadell roads and so is a very historical journey for people taking the trip today.

Len Beadell, the surveyor for the project, admitted he was " a surveyor who liked to draw neat lines on maps", so he decided to site his roads in areas where long straight tracks could be built. It was Len himself, who light-heartedly named his road gang the "Gunbarrel Highway Construction Party". This was done for distance, fuel and maintenance efficiencies for both his construction team and future users. Which is good for us four wheel drivers because it has meant that with a bit of preparation and a good vehicle setup, there's a whole lot of outback tracks that although are no longer maintained, are still in good condition for travelling.

TrekID: 71


MUST READ: You are strongly encouraged to read the following articles prepared by the knowledge experts at ExplorOz for your safety and preparation before undertaking any published ExplorOz Trek - Outback Safety, Outback Driving Tips, Outback Communications, and Vehicle Setup for the Outback.


Please refer to Road Reports published by the local shire and/or main roads for the area you intend to visit. Road/Track conditions can change significantly after weather events. Travellers must be responsible for their own research on current conditions and track suitability.
Technically this is not a hard 4WD trip, but you must be very well prepared and experienced. We would not suggest that you embark on a trip across the Gunbarrel Highway as your first outback camping trip.

There are many bores with water them along this track and we strongly advise that you do not use this water unless there is an emergency. Please do not plan to use this water - carry all your own drinking and washing water. The impact of increased 4WD tourism on these historical areas needs to be considered to ensure that access for all remains. Note - to obtain water, you will need to carry a narrow water vessel (less than 14cm diameter) and about 45m of line! Some bores are very deep.


You will need to obtain 2 Transit Permits from 2 aboriginal land councils (one in NT and the other in WA) for this trek. These are transit permits and they cost nothing to obtain. The Great Central Road actually requires 2 sets of Transit Permits because there are Aboriginal Communities on both sides of the border (NT/WA) and each state has its own Aboriginal Lands office and issues its own permits. These can easily be obtained online:

Ngaanyatjarra Council

For people travelling through Aboriginal Land in the Central Reserves of Western Australia to, or from the NT border to Laverton, the permit is obtained online from the Ngaanyatjarra Council website Their contact email address is

Central Land Council (CLC)

For people travelling through Aboriginal Land in the Northern Territory to, or from the WA border to Yulara, you need to use the Central Land Council website to obtain your permit. Their contact email address is
These permits together cover the area between Warbuton and Yulara, and so you must abide by the restrictions outlined in the permit whilst in this region. For the remainder of the trek, from Wiluna to Jackie Junction, you are on pastoral land.

Fuel Usage

OPAL unleaded fuel is now available at Warburton, Warakurna, and Docker River. OPAL ULP has similar properties to AvGas and is used to discourage sniffing.
4cyl 161 litres *4cyl 214 litres *4cyl 285 litres
6cyl 218 litres *6cyl 276 litres *6cyl 251 litres
8cyl 219 litres8cyl 227 litres *
Usage is averaged from recorded data (* specific to this trek) and calculated based on trek distance.

Best Time To Visit

Closest Climatic Station

Warburton Airfield
Distance from Trek Mid Point 95.71km E
Mean Max. °C38.036.533.929.324.320.720.723.127.931.634.336.6
Mean Min. °C22.922.119.915.
Mean Rain mm28.536.731.418.015.417.912.99.85.714.824.731.5
    Best time to travel      Ok time to travel      Travel NOT recommended


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Wiluna to Wiluna Community Health Centre
Driving: 0.46 km
Heading: 151°
Avg Speed: 6.72 km/hr
EST Time: 04:06
Wiluna Community Health Centre to Millbillillie
Driving: 10.23 km
Heading: 106°
Avg Speed: 82.5 km/hr
EST Time: 07:26
Millbillillie to Yelma Stockyard Ruins
Driving: 143.51 km
Heading: 86°
Avg Speed: 90.96 km/hr
EST Time: 01:34:39
Yelma Stockyard Ruins to Banjo Creek, Wongawol Rd
Driving: 14.83 km
Heading: 46°
Avg Speed: 81.79 km/hr
EST Time: 10:52
Banjo Creek, Wongawol Rd to Mingol Camp - Harry Johnson Water
Driving: 102.64 km
Heading: 44°
Avg Speed: 82.22 km/hr
EST Time: 01:14:54
Mingol Camp - Harry Johnson Water to Carnegie
Driving: 68.62 km
Heading: 79°
Avg Speed: 72.1 km/hr
EST Time: 57:06
Carnegie to Football Oval
Driving: 123.12 km
Heading: 67°
Avg Speed: 65.34 km/hr
EST Time: 01:53:03
Football Oval to Mount William Lambert
Driving: 11.27 km
Heading: 81°
Avg Speed: 58.6 km/hr
EST Time: 11:32
Mount William Lambert to Gunbarrel Hwy & David Carnegie Rd & Eagle Hwy
Driving: 15.76 km
Heading: 88°
Avg Speed: 62.12 km/hr
EST Time: 15:13
Gunbarrel Hwy & David Carnegie Rd & Eagle Hwy to Mangkili Claypan
Driving: 3.35 km
Heading: 108°
Avg Speed: 27.24 km/hr
EST Time: 07:22
Mangkili Claypan to Geraldton Bore
Driving: 52.52 km
Heading: 58°
Avg Speed: 56.58 km/hr
EST Time: 55:41
Geraldton Bore to Gunbarrel Hwy & Hunt Oil Rd
Driving: 0.25 km
Heading: 67°
Avg Speed: 56.58 km/hr
EST Time: 00:15
Gunbarrel Hwy & Hunt Oil Rd to David Wynford Carnegie
Driving: 17.57 km
Heading: 90°
Avg Speed: 52.44 km/hr
EST Time: 20:06
David Wynford Carnegie to Everard Junction
Driving: 14.14 km
Heading: 90°
Avg Speed: 50.52 km/hr
EST Time: 16:47
Everard Junction to Mount Gordon
Driving: 7.53 km
Heading: 90°
Avg Speed: 47.64 km/hr
EST Time: 09:29
Mount Gordon to Mount Everard
Driving: 0.71 km
Heading: 105°
Avg Speed: 3.54 km/hr
EST Time: 12:02
Mount Everard to Mount Beadell
Driving: 47.18 km
Heading: 152°
Avg Speed: 44.24 km/hr
EST Time: 01:03:59
Mount Beadell to Camp Beadell
Driving: 6.72 km
Heading: 104°
Avg Speed: 37.57 km/hr
EST Time: 10:43
Camp Beadell to Notabilis Hill
Driving: 25.21 km
Heading: 115°
Avg Speed: 50.19 km/hr
EST Time: 30:08
Notabilis Hill to Thryptomene Hill Bore
Driving: 5.07 km
Heading: 140°
Avg Speed: 42.66 km/hr
EST Time: 07:07
Thryptomene Hill Bore to Len Beadell's Tree & Plaque
Driving: 24.89 km
Heading: 104°
Avg Speed: 51.76 km/hr
EST Time: 28:51
Len Beadell's Tree & Plaque to Gunbarell Hwy & Heather Hwy
Driving: 11.66 km
Heading: 108°
Avg Speed: 30.79 km/hr
EST Time: 22:43
Gunbarell Hwy & Heather Hwy to Mount Samuel
Driving: 5.81 km
Heading: 107°
Avg Speed: 32.48 km/hr
EST Time: 10:43
Mount Samuel to Gnamma Rockholes
Driving: 0.56 km
Heading: 93°
Avg Speed: 23.4 km/hr
EST Time: 01:26
Gnamma Rockholes to Jackie Junction
Driving: 75.66 km
Heading: 85°
Avg Speed: 43.89 km/hr
EST Time: 01:43:25
Jackie Junction to Mippultjarra Junction
Driving: 87.75 km
Avg Speed: 74.81 km/hr
EST Time: 01:10:22
Mippultjarra Junction to Len Beadell Plaque No. 1
Driving: 77.46 km
Heading: 70°
Avg Speed: 57.47 km/hr
EST Time: 01:20:52
Len Beadell Plaque No. 1 to Len Beadell Plaque No. 2
Driving: 12.26 km
Heading: 73°
Avg Speed: 51.3 km/hr
EST Time: 14:20
Len Beadell Plaque No. 2 to Old Gunbarrel Hwy & Great Central Road
Driving: 84.15 km
Heading: 111°
Avg Speed: 51.61 km/hr
EST Time: 01:37:49
Old Gunbarrel Hwy & Great Central Road to Giles Weather Station
Driving: 19.25 km
Heading: 76°
Avg Speed: 71.42 km/hr
EST Time: 16:10
Giles Weather Station to Warakurna Roadhouse
Driving: 1.13 km
Heading: 167°
Avg Speed: 20.31 km/hr
EST Time: 03:20
  • Drive southwest. for: 0.64 km time: 02:16
  • Turn left onto First Street. for: 0.4 km time: 00:36
  • Turn right. for: 0.09 km time: 00:28
Warakurna Roadhouse to Docker River Community Entrance Rd
Driving: 97.87 km
Heading: 76°
Avg Speed: 80.04 km/hr
EST Time: 01:13:21
Docker River Community Entrance Rd to Docker River (Kaltukatjara)
Driving: 3.2 km
Heading: 154°
Avg Speed: 30.86 km/hr
EST Time: 06:13
Docker River (Kaltukatjara) to Lasseters Cave
Driving: 40.19 km
Heading: 117°
Avg Speed: 37.35 km/hr
EST Time: 01:04:33
  • Drive north. for: 0.07 km time: 00:07
  • Turn right. for: 1.31 km time: 03:07
  • Turn right. for: 0.03 km time: 00:12
  • Bear left. for: 0.3 km time: 00:55
  • Turn right onto Great Central Road/C4. for: 38.48 km time: 01:00:14
Lasseters Cave to Tjukaruru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd
Driving: 142.48 km
Heading: 104°
Avg Speed: 77.33 km/hr
EST Time: 01:50:32
Tjukaruru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd to Lasseter Hwy/Uluru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd
Driving: 40.38 km
Heading: 89°
Avg Speed: 94.73 km/hr
EST Time: 25:34
  • Drive southwest on Kata Tjuta Road. for: 40.28 km time: 25:25
  • Turn right at the end of the road, onto Uluru Road for: 0.09 km time: 00:10
Lasseter Hwy/Uluru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd to Uluru-Kata Tjuta Cultural Centre
Driving: 8.31 km
Heading: 163°
Avg Speed: 70.44 km/hr
EST Time: 07:04
  • Drive southeast on Uluru Road. for: 7.94 km time: 06:08
  • Enter the roundabout and take the 1st exit, onto Uluru Road for: 0.29 km time: 00:23
  • Turn right. for: 0.08 km time: 00:34
Uluru-Kata Tjuta Cultural Centre to Mala Carpark (Uluru)
Driving: 2.76 km
Heading: 13°
Avg Speed: 38.11 km/hr
EST Time: 04:20
  • Drive west. for: 0.09 km time: 00:33
  • Turn right at the end of the road, onto Uluru Road for: 2.67 km time: 03:48
Mala Carpark (Uluru) to Uluru-Kata Tjuta Cultural Centre
Driving: 2.75 km
Heading: 193°
Avg Speed: 42.27 km/hr
EST Time: 03:54
  • Drive south on Uluru Road. for: 2.67 km time: 03:23
  • Turn left. for: 0.08 km time: 00:30
Uluru-Kata Tjuta Cultural Centre to Lasseter Hwy/Uluru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd
Driving: 8.42 km
Heading: 343°
Avg Speed: 68.7 km/hr
EST Time: 07:21
  • Drive west. for: 0.09 km time: 00:33
  • Turn left at the end of the road, onto Uluru Road for: 0.28 km time: 00:26
  • Enter the roundabout and take the 3rd exit, onto Uluru Road for: 8.05 km time: 06:22
Lasseter Hwy/Uluru Rd & Kata Tjuta Rd to Yulara
Driving: 8.36 km
Heading: 345°
Avg Speed: 72.21 km/hr
EST Time: 06:56
  • Drive northwest on Uluru Road. for: 8.33 km time: 06:44
  • Make a sharp right toward Yulara Drive/Yulara. for: 0.03 km time: 00:12
Distance is based on the travel mode shown (Driving, Straight, Cycling, Walking etc), Direction is straight line from start to end, Avg Speed & EST Time is calculated from GPS data.

What to See

Travel the first of the "bomb roads" made by Len Beadell. Find and locate plaques, original bores and blaze trees. Wild camels, dingoes and birdlife; historic ruins and remote stations.


Where to Stay

Services & Supplies

Supplies, medical facilities, some mechanical repairs, accommodation and a Police station is available at Warburton (not shown on this trek note) and is approximately 50kms south of Jackie Junction.


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